References MEXA-C

1.  WHO. WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard.; 2021. Accessed March 5, 2021. https://covid19.who.int/table

2.  del Rio C, Collins LF, Malani P. Long-term Health Consequences of COVID-19. JAMA. 2020;324(17):1723. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.19719

3.  Huang C, Huang L, Wang Y, et al. 6-month consequences of COVID-19 in patients discharged from hospital: a cohort study. The Lancet. 2021;397(10270):220-232. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(20)32656-8

4.  Carfì A, Bernabei R, Landi F, for the Gemelli Against COVID-19 Post-Acute Care Study Group. Persistent Symptoms in Patients After Acute COVID-19. JAMA. 2020;324(6):603. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.12603

5.  Crameri GAG, Bielecki M, Züst R, Buehrer TW, Stanga Z, Deuel JW. Reduced maximal aerobic capacity after COVID-19 in young adult recruits, Switzerland, May 2020. Eurosurveillance. 2020;25(36). doi:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2020.25.36.2001542

6.  Blokland IJ, Ilbrink S, Houdijk H, et al. [Exercise capacity after mechanical ventilation because of COVID-19: Cardiopulmonary exercise tests in clinical rehabilitation]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 2020;164.

7.  García-Tascón M, Sahelices-Pinto C, Mendaña-Cuervo C, Magaz-González AM. The Impact of the COVID-19 Confinement on the Habits of PA Practice According to Gender (Male/Female): Spanish Case. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(19):6961. doi:10.3390/ijerph17196961

8.  Phelan D, Kim JH, Elliott MD, et al. Screening of Potential Cardiac Involvement in Competitive Athletes Recovering From COVID-19. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2020;13(12):2635-2652. doi:10.1016/j.jcmg.2020.10.005

9.  Ding D, del Pozo Cruz B, Green MA, Bauman AE. Is the COVID-19 lockdown nudging people to be more active: a big data analysis. Br J Sports Med. 2020;54(20):1183-1184. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2020-102575

10.  Constandt B, Thibaut E, De Bosscher V, Scheerder J, Ricour M, Willem A. Exercising in Times of Lockdown: An Analysis of the Impact of COVID-19 on Levels and Patterns of Exercise among Adults in Belgium. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(11):4144. doi:10.3390/ijerph17114144

11.  Altena E, Baglioni C, Espie CA, et al. Dealing with sleep problems during home confinement due to the COVID‐19 outbreak: Practical recommendations from a task force of the European CBT‐I Academy. J Sleep Res. 2020;29(4). doi:10.1111/jsr.13052

12.  Kirwan R, McCullough D, Butler T, Perez de Heredia F, Davies IG, Stewart C. Sarcopenia during COVID-19 lockdown restrictions: long-term health effects of short-term muscle loss. GeroScience. 2020;42(6):1547-1578. doi:10.1007/s11357-020-00272-3

13.  Martinez-Ferran M, de la Guía-Galipienso F, Sanchis-Gomar F, Pareja-Galeano H. Metabolic Impacts of Confinement during the COVID-19 Pandemic Due to Modified Diet and Physical Activity Habits. Nutrients. 2020;12(6):1549. doi:10.3390/nu12061549

14.  Wang P, Li Y, Wang Q. Sarcopenia: An underlying treatment target during the COVID-19 pandemic. Nutrition. 2021;84:111104. doi:10.1016/j.nut.2020.111104

15.  Cénat JM, Blais-Rochette C, Kokou-Kpolou CK, et al. Prevalence of symptoms of depression, anxiety, insomnia, posttraumatic stress disorder, and psychological distress among populations affected by the COVID-19 pandemic: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Psychiatry Res. 2021;295:113599. doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113599

16.  Scott JM, Thomas SM, Peppercorn JM, et al. Effects of Exercise Therapy Dosing Schedule on Impaired Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Patients With Primary Breast Cancer: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Circulation. 2020;141(7):560-570. doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.119.043483

17.  Jurio-Iriarte B, Maldonado-Martín S. Effects of Different Exercise Training Programs on Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Overweight/Obese Adults With Hypertension: A Pilot Study. Health Promot Pract. 2019;20(3):390-400. doi:10.1177/1524839918774310

18.  Marsden DL, Dunn A, Callister R, Levi CR, Spratt NJ. Characteristics of Exercise Training Interventions to Improve Cardiorespiratory Fitness After Stroke: A Systematic Review With Meta-analysis. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2013;27(9):775-788. doi:10.1177/1545968313496329

19.  Lau HM-C, Ng GY-F, Jones AY-M, Lee EW-C, Siu EH-K, Hui DS-C. A randomised controlled trial of the effectiveness of an exercise training program in patients recovering from severe acute respiratory syndrome. Aust J Physiother. 2005;51(4):213-219. doi:10.1016/S0004-9514(05)70002-7

20.  WHO. WHO Guidelines on Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour: Web Annex. Evidence Profiles.; 2020.

21.  Segar ML, Marques MM, Palmeira AL, Okely AD. Everything counts in sending the right message: science-based messaging implications from the 2020 WHO guidelines on physical activity and sedentary behaviour. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2020;17(1):135. doi:10.1186/s12966-020-01048-w

22.  Bull F, Al-Ansari SS, Biddle S, et al. World Health Organization 2020 Guidelines on Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour. Br J Sports Med. Published online in Press 2020. doi:DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2020-102955

23.  Williamson EJ, Walker AJ, Bhaskaran K, et al. Factors associated with COVID-19-related death using OpenSAFELY. Nature. 2020;584(7821):430-436. doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2521-4

24.  Scott SE, Duarte C, Encantado J, et al. The NoHoW protocol: a multicentre 2×2 factorial randomised controlled trial investigating an evidence-based digital toolkit for weight loss maintenance in European adults. BMJ Open. 2019;9(9):e029425. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2019-029425

25.  van Nassau F, van der Ploeg HP, Abrahamsen F, et al. Study protocol of European Fans in Training (EuroFIT): a four-country randomised controlled trial of a lifestyle program for men delivered in elite football clubs. BMC Public Health. 2016;16(1):598. doi:10.1186/s12889-016-3255-y

26.  Lakerveld J, Palmeira AL, van Duinkerken E, Whitelock V, Peyrot M, Nouwen A. Motivation: key to a healthy lifestyle in people with diabetes? Current and emerging knowledge and applications. Diabet Med. Published online January 8, 2020. doi:10.1111/dme.14228

27.  American College of Sports Medicine, Liguori G, Feito Y, Fountaine C, Roy B, eds. ACSM’s Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription. Eleventh edition. Wolters Kluwer; 2021.

28.  Bennett H, Parfitt G, Davison K, Eston R. Validity of Submaximal Step Tests to Estimate Maximal Oxygen Uptake in Healthy Adults. Sports Med. 2016;46(5):737-750. doi:10.1007/s40279-015-0445-1

  1. Silva MN, Sanchez-Oliva D, Brunet J, Williams GC, Teixeira PJ, Palmeira AL. “What Goes Around Comes Around”: Antecedents, Mediators, and Consequences of Controlling vs. Need-Supportive Motivational Strategies Used by Exercise Professionals. Ann Behav Med. 2017;51(5):707-717. doi:10.1007/s12160-017-9894-0